Three new projects of excellence (TKP) started in the Institute of Technical Physics and Materials Science Centre for Energy Research earlier this year. The project grants are over 1 billion HUF and are aiming for more efficient energy usage, clean environment and also personalized healthcare with the help of key enabling technologies.
New semiconductor materials (leader: Dr. Béla Pécz)
Semiconductor materials are of fundamental importance is several areas of industry and digitalization. Digital electronic devices, efficient light sources (LED), as well as a broad range of sensors are based on semiconductor devices. The research and engineering of novel semiconductor materials is expected to bring important advances in these areas. On the long run, they are expected to enable more efficient, faster, and lower power consumption semiconductor devices. The present project aims to achieve breakthrough results in areas with clear application potential using 2D materials.
2. Innovative biosensing technologies for medical applications (leader: Dr. Róbert Horváth)
Biosensorics is a new, interdisciplinary discipline born in the field of biology, chemistry, physics and informatics. Initially, the main goal was to determine the concentration of biomolecules in a rapid, accurate, and cost-effective way. Using novel tools, certain diseases could be diagnosed at a very early stage, even before their development. With the help of cheap and increasingly miniaturized devices, the treatment can be precisely adapted to the patient’s condition, and an effective, personalized medicine can be created. Our goal is to comprehend the cellular level biochemical phenomena (pathological mechanisms) by utilisation of the instruments of bioanalytics, biotechnology, photonics, micro- and nanotechnology, moreover to develop complex systems capable to solve integrated analytical and sample preparation tasks and to support the development and expansion of the national MedTech and diagnostic industry.
3. Monitoring sensors deployed in emergency situations and in harsh environment (leader Dr. János Volk)
Our goal is to develop sensor systems that serve and facilitate our security and safe daily life, protect our critical infrastructures, the natural and the built environment. Due to their small size and power consumption the targeted devices can be installed on remote controlled vehicles (e.g. cars and drones) to localize the source of the hazard, may serve as wearable personal alarming system and able to operate in harsh environment during emergency responses. We plan to develop the crucial components of three sensor families: i) a network and dedicated communication protocol of autonomous subsystems harvesting the energy from the environment for detecting vibration of large installations; ii) portable gamma and neutron detectors; as well as iii) micro infrared and solid-state gas sensors to detect the most frequent dangerous gases releasing during accidents and catastrophic events.
The projects are implemented with the support provided by the Ministry of Innovation and Technology of Hungary from the National Research, Development and Innovation Fund, financed under the TKP2021 funding scheme.